Date and place
|Games of the 16th Olympiad 1956 in Melbourne, November 22-December 8|
|Number of participants: 3314 (2938 men and 376 women) |
Total number of spectators: 1,341,483
Olympic Oath: John Landy (Australia, athletics)
Olympic flame: Ron Clarke (Australia, athletics)
Participating countries: 67
Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Belgium, Bermuda, Brazil, British Guyana, Bulgaria, Burma, Canada, Ceylon, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Denmark, Ethiopia, Fiji, Philippines, Finland, France, Greece, Great Britain, Hungary, Hong Kong, Ireland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Yugoslavia, Kenya, Liberia, Luxembourg, Malaya, Mexico, New Zealand, Nigeria, North Borneo, Norway, East and West Germany, Uganda, Austria, Pakistan, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Singapore, Soviet Union, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad, Czechoslovakia, Turkey, Uruguay, Venezuela, United States, Iceland, South Africa, South Korea, South Vietnam, Sweden.
Shortly before the start of the Olympic Games in Melbourne there were two political events, which affected the participation of some countries. The army of the Soviet Union invaded Hungary to suppress the rebellion there and in Egypt Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal. In the sports world, the Soviet role in these events was strongly criticized, but soon became clear that the Soviet Union could not excluded of the Olympic Games. Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland then decided to boycott these Olympics, where the latter got back to his decision, when the low impact of a boycott was seen. This decision came too late, the Swiss team could not arrive on time in Australia.
The following five countries took part in the equestrian that were held in Stockholm, but did not participate in the Games in Melbourne: Cambodia, Egypt, Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland.
|Athletics in the Main-stage (Melbourne Cricket Ground.toeschouwerscapaciteit: 104.000, cinder track with a length of 400 m, the initial capacity of 120,000 was for the duration of the Games reduced to 104,000), weightlifting and wrestling in the Exhibition Building (spectator capacity: 3000), boxing in the West Melbourne Stadium (sporthal.toeschouwerscapaciteit: 8000), fencing in the St Kilda Town Hall, shooting (on the Williamstown Rifle Range and the Royal Air Force Station, modern pentathlon in the Oaklands Hunt Club, the St Kilda Town Hall, at the Williamstown Rifle Range and the Olympic Park, cycling on the velodrome in the Olympic Park (333.33 m track) and on the track in Broadmeadows, gymnastics in the West Melbourne Stadium (spectator sports hall capacity: 8000), swimming, diving and water polo in the Olympic Swimming Stadium in the Park (indoor spectator capacity: 6000), rowing and canoeing on Lake Wendouree Ballarat, sailing in Port Phillip Bay, football in the Football Stadium in the Olympic Park, basketball in the Olympic Basketball Stadium, Exhibition Annexe.|