Kind of sport
There are shooting competitions for both men and women. The women have been competing with various weapons since 1984. The Olympic trap shooting and skeet are mixed events.
This is an automatic revolver/pistol, with a 0.22 calibre. The distance is 25 metres and in two heats the participants shoot at five revolving silhouette discs, firing sixty shots in all. One heat consists of six series of five shots each. In the first two series, the marksman has eight seconds to hit five discs, then he has six seconds. And finally, he has to hit all of the targets within four seconds.
Every type of revolver/pistol with a 0.22 calibre can be used. The weapon cannot be supported on the wrist. The distance is 50 metres and the marksman has 2.5 hours to fire sixty shots on a 200 mm. disc with a 50 mm. bull's eye.
FREE RIFLE, PRONE
The marksman is lying on a kind of shooting board with the upper part of the body being supported by the elbows. The distance is 50 metres and the marksman has two hours to fire sixty shots. In the course of time, the bull's eye has become smaller and smaller. The reason for this is because relatively high scores started becoming 'normal'.
FREE RIFLE, 3 POSITIONS
This is the same weapon, the same distance and the same target as with the small-bore rifle, lying down. In total, there are 120 shots in 2.5 hours: 40 lying down, 40 kneeling and 40 standing. The women are shooting with a standard rifle.
RUNNING GAME TARGET
The marksman shoots in standing position on moving targets with the depiction of a wild boar. The distance is 10 metres and in total 60 shots are fired. Before the disc appears, the marksman has to rest the the butt end of his weapon on his hip. The weapon cannot be brought into firing position before the target appears. The moving target shifts alternatingly to the left and the right. In each case, thirty shots are fired on the slow-moving (5 seconds) respectively fast-moving (2.5 seconds) disc.
Air pressure and CO2 rifles, 4.5 calibre using diabolo bullets. Sixty shots in 105 minutes at a 31 mm. disc with a 1 mm. bull's eye. The women have 90 minutes to fire forty shots on a target at ten metres distance. The bull's eye has a 1 mm. cross section. This discipline was on the Olympic programme for the first time in Los Angeles in 1984.
Automatic pistols/revolvers with a .22 calibre. The women shoot from a distance of 25 metres. In total, sixty shots are fired on a target with a 50 mm. bull's eye.
Air pressure and CO2 pistols with a 4.5 mm. calibre. Distance of ten meter, with as target a 60 mm disc, bull's eye 12 mm. In total 60 shots in 105 minutes. This discipline was introduced in Seoul in 1988.
The weapon in this discipline is the hunting rifle: double-barrelled shotgun with the barrels next to or on top of each other. In trap shooting, the targets are 'clay-pigeons', which are thrown into the air in different directions by a throwing machine. The order and direction are not known to the marksman in advance. He may shoot twice at each disc.
In 1996 the discipline double trap is admitted to the programme for both men and women.
As with trap shooting, one also shoots at a mechanically thrown artificial pigeon in skeet. The pigeons are thrown into the air from a low and a high tower. There are eight different points to shoot from and the marksman is always changing from one shooting point to another. After the command is given by the marksman, it can take up to three seconds before the pigeon appears. The commands are 'Pull' for the left and 'Mark' for the right machine. Only when the pigeon is visible can the marksman aim his weapon. Sometimes two clay pigeons are released simultaneously. Because the projectiles can come from any and every direction, skeet resembles the reality of hunting most.