Kind of sport
In the Olympic Games, ski jumping is an individual event as well as a constituent part of the Nordic Combination. Since 1964, ski jumping has been divided into two events: the 70 metre and the 90 metre ski jump. Every participant jumps twice. The evaluation of the jumps is based on two criteria: the distance and the style. The norms which are maintained when the style of a jump is being evaluated are: the start, the take-off, the flight and the landing. The jump has to be executed with precision, courage and with complete technical control. The style and the distance of a jump are the factors which determine the score which a member of the jury will allot to a given participant. There are five judges and the two who allot the highest and the lowest scores are dropped. The points of the remaining three judges are added up and determine who will ultimately win. After the speed of the run-up and the explosive take-off, the jumpers try to soar through the air in the most favourable aerodynamic posture. The upper part of the body is postured in an angle which is as small as possible with respect to the skis, and the body is straight with the arms alongside the body. The wide flexible skis are held as horizontal as possible and parallel. At the landing, the body of the jumper has to be perpendicular to the skis. The arms are used to maintain balance.